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Political Phil The Bourgeois Ideology Hegel was the first to know every philosophybelongs to its own time and is caught in that times restriction However that raises the question How can a philosophical outlook stay alive after its time has passed The answer is taken beyond philosophical argumentation to a deeper penetration of its own time This is why the key to what is alive in Hegels thought lies in Marxs critique of it Marx-Engels Reader p 5 First there must be an understanding of Marxs critique It is closely bound with Hegels idea of sublation or aufheben - which is to negate and thereby to preserve the inner truth of something Ibid p 35 It is similar to Marxs attitude to religion It is not a matter of rejecting religious sentiment because it is untrue without foundation and then devising a new religious form Rather we have to uncover those aspects of a way of life which gave rise to religion - and then revolutionize those views Religion is the heart of a heartless world so the issue is to establish a world with heart Instead of an illusory solution there must in practice be a real one Hegels philosophical work is an attempt to summarize the essence of the entire history of philosophy and for him this means and entire history He develops an approach to understanding philosophical and historical ideas based on a dialectical process Ibid p 68 Basically it says that when there is a thesis its antithesis through a crisis there is a synthesis p 684-85 When two opposite forces converge a completely new thing will result which completely depicts Hegel and Marxs relationship For Marx the synthesis is one between the master and the slave the bourgeoisie and the proletariat Ibid p 151 However this freedom in not true freedom since the masses is exploited Ibid p173 When the masses revolt though the result is a communist society So
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