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How did traditional industrial location factors influence The pattern of industry in the UK Traditional industrial location factors were in the words of Karl Marx Land Labour Capital and Raw materials and these greatly influenced industrial location in the UK up until the 70s Land referring to the site of an industry was important when considering where the factories were located Traditional heavy industry needed generally large amounts of flat land to accommodate huge furnaces and large machinery Once a factory was established it was very difficult for it to move as in heavy industry industrial inertia is very high Raw materials were vital in the location of traditional industry The coal mining industry for example would have to locate in a coal-rich area and the iron steel industry in an area where there were vast deposits of iron ore South Wales was a perfect example of an area with both these amenities and therefore thrived as the premier steel-working region in Europe Capital was private investment that came from businessmen and entrepreneurs but was not a major influence as to where the factory was located Labour referring to a work force was also essential in influencing an industrys location Traditional industry was predominantly heavy industry which requires a very large work force so factories were ideally located close to a large labour source Why has this pattern changed in the last 30 years The pattern has changed in the last thirty years because the type of industry has changed from traditional heavy industry to modern hi-tec electronics industry If Karl Marx were to name the factors of production today he would probably say Market skilled labour Government intervention and transport Land is still important to a certain degree- the heavy industry that is left in the UK is in the form of integrated factories eg Port Talbot steelworks which need even
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