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Through an examination of The Apology we learn much about not only the life that Socrates led but also about who Socrates was as a unique person in the time in which he lived In The Apology Plato recounts dialogue from Socrates trial in which he is sentenced to death During this trial Socrates is defending himself against two main sets of charges which are set in writing by Meletus one of his prosecutors The first set of charges is what Socrates refers to as the first lying accusations and make up the informal charges presented by the prosecution to set an image in the minds of the jury as to the type of person they believe Socrates to be The second set of charges make up the formal accusations and are what the prosecution hopes to commit Socrates to death for Socrates finds it important to defend himself against the informal charges first because he believes them to be more important as they have been ingrained in the minds of the minds of the people of the court from the time they were young Worse their accusations gained credibility because no one ever defended Socrates against them their case was won by default Brickhouse and Smith 63 Only by expelling these informal accusations can Socrates hope to defend himself against the charges that will determine his fate Socrates defends himself against most of the charges set against him and successfully proves his innocence but there are two of the original sets of charges that he may be guilty of by default due to the nature of what he does from day to day in his quest for truth The first of the old charges that Socrates addresses is the accusation that he is a student of things in the sky and beneath the earth By this the prosecutors mean to charge Socrates of being a natural philosopher Anyone who attempts to seek answers in
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