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M A C H U P I C C H U E X A M I N E D Introduction High in the Peruvian Andes are ancient ruins located near the headwaters of the Amazon River In recent years these ruins have seen an increase in tourist visitations So what has caused the increase of people to a remote area in the eastern Andes above the Rio Urubamba It is Machu Picchu Machu Picchu the city built by the Inca during the 1400s was brought to the worlds attention by Hiram Bingham This site contains numerous interesting objects the skillful Inca constructed from stone After taking into account what is at Machu Picchu one can see what lures hordes of individuals to this lost city in the mountains How Did Machu Picchu Come to Be Machu Picchu was built after Pachacutis conquest in the mid-1400s Pachacutis rise as Inca ruler became so after rallying the Inca forces He then lead them to an unexpected victory over a invading rival group--the Chanca The Inca were surrounded by similar proto-states that were continuously vying for control of neighboring regions One warlike group to the northwest of Cuzco the Chanca exerted such a pressure on the Inca that the aged King Viracocha deciding it was fruitless to resist their impending invasion fled to the safety of a fortress But two seasoned generals and Viracochas son Prince Yupanqui rallied the populace and threw back the Chanca attack on Cuzco Prince Yupanqui immediately ascended to the throne and took the name Pachacuti Cataclysm or Earthshaker and was to become one of the greatest military strategists in the Americas1 Pachacuti stayed while his father the former ruler Viracocha and his older brother fled the invaders Pachacutis rule was identified with conquest and social reorganization He started the great Inca conquest of western South America Pachacuti was the Alexander the Napoleon of the
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