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John Dewey and Madeline Hunter were both well respected in the field of education and came from different schools of thought The following presents the different ideas embraced by the two psychologists In addition after studying both of their theories I have formulated my own philosophy which encompasses ideas from both philosophers John Dewey was a man who made a dramatic impact on the way curriculum design is viewed today Dewey was born in Vermont in 1859 and throughout his lifetime he became well known as a philosopher educator and psychologist Many of Deweys ideas evolved from Charles Darwins theory of evolution and the idea of pragmatism Pragmatism is the process of utilizing practical approaches to solving problems Dewey once stated We cannot solve such problems by habitual actions and thoughts We must use intelligence to overcome obstacles He felt that science played a big part in the educational development process and viewed science as a method of probing into the behavior of things From this idea of environmentally-based active hands-on learning he began to develop a theory which became known as the Progressive Education Theory This was the process of transforming curriculum from rote memorization to active student participation Dewey believed that students should involve themselves in activities that stimulate their interest and which create a desire to learn within them Some of the activities that Dewey embraced as productive exercises were folding cutting pricking measuring molding modeling pattern-making heating and cooling and the operations characteristic of such tools as the hammer saw file etc Outdoor exercises gardening cooking sewing printing book-binding weaving painting drawing singing dramatization story-telling reading and writing are all believed to be socially based activities that stimulate the students need to learn Dewey emphasized that it is the teachers responsibility to ensure that the students learn the importance of such activities listed above and not just the manual skills and technical efficiency needed to complete a given task He
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