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Philosophy of Immanuel Kant Kants philosophy is generally labeled a system of transcendental criticism that is he tries to explain which parts of knowledge precede experience and which dont or what is and isnt a priori The first work of Kant in which he appears a proponent of transcendental criticism is the Critique of Pure Reason which appeared in 1781 A second edition was published in 1787 In 1785 appeared the Foundation for the Metaphysics of Ethics Then came a succession of critical works the most important of which are the Critique of Practical Reason the Critique of Judgment and Religion within the Limits of Mere Reason During the period of his academic career from 1747 to 1781 Kant as has been said taught the philosophy that was then prevalent in Germany which was Wolffs modified form of dogmatic rationalism That is to say he made experience out to be the basis of all truth rejected skepticism and judged all knowledge by the test of reason Towards the end of that period however he began to question the solidity of the psychological basis of truth and ended by losing all faith in metaphysical reasoning The apparent contradictions which he found to exist in the physical sciences and the conclusions which Hume had reached in his analysis of the principle of causation awoke Kant from his dogmatic slumber This brought home to him the necessity of reviewing or criticizing all human experience for the purpose of restoring the physical sciences to a state of certainty His old mindset had he now considered laid too much emphasis on the a priori parts of knowledge On the other hand as he now for the first time realized the philosophy of Hume had gone too far when it labeled all truth empirical or a posteriori Kant proposes to pass all knowledge in review in order to determine how much of it is to be assigned to the a
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