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The Moral Decline of Rome An Exploration of Sallusts and Plutarchs View of the Moral Decline of the Roman Republic Though there are varied dates as to the time that the Roman Republic stood it is agreed upon as lasting approximately 500 years During the last century of its existence 133 BC -27 BC there were the many violent years of The Civil Wars and much social strife Though the end result of these final years of the res publica was the adoption of an Emperor and the birth of the Roman Empire the focus of this paper will be the presentation of the nature of tensions at the end of the res publica using selections from Sallust and Plutarch as a basis Sallust and Plutarch while coming from different worlds and living different lives were very much alike in the thoughts that they presented in their writing on the fall of the Roman Republic Sallust was an active individual in Roman politics during the Republics decline He was a tribune in 52 BC who was kicked out of the Senate amid allegations of immorality In 49 BC Sallust was in command of one of Julius Caesars legions and was elected to Praetor in 47 BC Taking part in the African Campaign earned him the governorship of Numidia in Upon his return to Rome in the early 40s BC however he was charged with extortion only to be released by Caesar At this point in his life he decided to become a writer of history and lived a quiet life doing that Plutarchs life was very much different form Sallusts Born in Chaeronea he remained there for much of his life His last 30 years he spent as a Priest at Delphi There he was a devout believer in the ancient pieties and a profound student of its antiquities The only involvement in politics at the time were stories that he was
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