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Word Count: 575
In Platos Phaedo Socrates is explaining to his friends that the acquiring knowledge comes from a recollection of things from a previous life Socrates uses this as a way to comfort his friends Based on this according to Socrates if a human being can learn anything they must have known something about what it is they are learning about If a human being has known something without having been taught it in this life they must have learned it before their birth If the soul existed prior to birth it stands to reason that it survives death and thus Socrates friends have no cause for grief This prior knowledge is triggered into consciousness by sensory input Plato is trying to work beyond a two-fold paradox Namely if a human being does not know something they cannot learn it since they know nothing about it If on the other hand a person knows it they do not need to learn itWhen Crito asks Socrates how he wishes to be buried when he dies this is a mistake because it shows his lack of understanding Critos lack of understanding lies in the fact the he doesnt understand how the soul survives the body at death and in fact Socrates will still in actuality be alive By making this mistake according to Socrates he Crito is harming the soul If Crito were in understanding of this he would not have asked Socrates about burying his body because Socrates is not merely a body but rather the body is a casing for the spirit and who he is Socrates does not take Critos question seriously because to Socrates the body is not the basis of who he is To Socrates the fact that his body is going to die does not mean he will be dead In fact his soul will go on be born in a different body and go back to learning what the soul seeks to
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