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How well did the British political system hold up in the 1930s The 1930s were a turbulent time for politics around the world democratic leaderships were under major strain following the Wall Street crash and the ensuing depression by 1940 only the United Kingdom Sweden Finland and Switzerland were countries not ruled by dictators within Europe and the Balkans Admittedly the aggression of the Axis powers had brought about the downfall of six democracies between 1938 and 1940 but the fact still remains that political fairness and democratic elections were all but destroyed in mainland Europe during this era From the 24th of August 1931 until after the Second World War Britain was ruled by a coalition government This government was formed initially as a temporary measure to allay the potential collapse of the British economy in the wake of Wall Street As coalitions around Europe fell under the control of dictators the National Government was a surprisingly successful alliance There were potentially major threats within Britain to the stability of this administration but resounding public support and several shrewd policies led to this being one of the most effective governments for many years In the aftermath of the Wall Street crash many extreme political groups came to the fore notably the Nazi party in Germany Within Britain extreme political and ideological groups also began to appear The largest and perhaps the most frightening group of extreme opposition to the National Government came from the far right in the form of Oswald Mosley and the British Union of Fascists the BUF Mosley had a member of the Conservatives but was a minister in the second Labour government in 1930 he put forward an unemployment plan that included ideas for public works schemes much like those of the Nazi party but this was rejected first by the cabinet and then the parliamentary Labour party Several historians have suggested that if he had
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