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Affirmative action is described as the term meant taking appropriate steps to eradicate the then widespread practices of racial religious and ethnic discrimination The history of affirmative action starts a long time before this definition was stated during the early 1960s It starts back to the Declaration of Independence where it states all men are created equal It moves toward the Emancipation Proclamation the 13th 14th and 15th Amendments which involved the freeing of slaves abolishing slavery conferred citizenship on all persons born in the United States and guaranteeing voting rights to all citizens There were also many court cases that helped move forth into affirmative action A few examples would be Buchanan v Warley Plessy v Ferguson and Brown v Board of Education The latter court case was a real firestorm over affirmative action which ruled that all local state and federal laws that enforced segregation in education was striked down President John F Kennedy first used the phrase Affirmative Action when he issued Executive Order 10952 This order created the Equal Opportunity Commission or the EEOC and contractors on projects financed with federal funds to take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed ant employees are treated during their employment without regard to race creed color or national origin President Kennedy also pushed for more legislation but was not alive to see it go through Proceeding Kennedy Lyndon B Johnson took over the fight and pushed for the passing of Civil Rights Act of 1964 which barred discrimination in the variety of private and public settings It included prohibiting discrimination in private facilities outlawed discrimination in federally-funded-programs and prohibited discrimination by both private and public employers and so forth Still under Johnsons control the Executive Order 11246 placed the responsibility for affirmative action enforcement with the Department of Labor This lead to the OFCCP which is the Departments Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program which made Affirmative Action stronger
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