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Should we be punished for the mistakes of our ancestors In recent times Affirmative Action has implemented policies of reverse discrimination to help oppressed minorities gain an advantage over majority groups in college admissions and in employment The term Affirmative Action was originally used by President John F Kennedy in 1961 when referring to his executive order that required all federal contractors treat their employees and applicants without regard to their race creed color or national origin In 1965 President Lyndon B Johnson issued Executive Order 11246 at Howard University that required federal contractors to undertake Affirmative Action to increase the number of minorities that they employ He wanted to ensure that minorities were recruited to have real opportunities to be hired and then eventually get a promotion In 1969 the Department of Labor exposed widespread racial discrimination of the Construction Department so President Richard M Nixon decided to incorporate a system of goals and timetables to evaluate federal construction companies according to Affirmative Action This idea of goals and timetables provided guidelines for companies to follow and comply with Affirmative Action regulations During the presidency of Gerald R Ford he extended Affirmative Action to people with disabilities and Vietnam veterans but there were no goals or timetables for these two groups This type of Affirmative Action required recruitment efforts accessibility accommodation and reviews of physical and mental job qualifications President Jimmy Carter consolidated all federal agencies that were required by law to follow the Affirmative Action play into the Department of Labor Before Carter did this each agency handled Affirmative Action in its own individual way some were not as consistent as other agencies were He created the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program OFCCP in 1978 to ensure compliance with the Affirmative Action policies Affirmative Action began to go downhill when Ronald Reagan and later George Bush came into office Affirmative Action lost some gains it had made and was more or less
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