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Anthropology is the scientific and humanistic study of the human species it attempts to answer questions to try and solve them questions of where humans came from the current status of our species and where we will be in the futureAnthropology is a holistic study in other words it studies our entire being past to future from genetics to culture Culture is distinctly human it is traditions and customs transmitted through learning that governs the beliefs and behavior of the people exposed to it Every society and group of peoples has their own cultureThe origins of the field of anthropology started due to the fact that there was really no other social science that focused and dealt with non-industrial societies and used a cross-cultural perspective The educational field of Anthropology is also known as general Anthropology or four-field Anthropology General Anthropology includes sociocultural archaeological biological and linguistic The reason that the four subfields are included under the general title Anthropology is because in American Anthropology which arose more than a century ago concerned for the history and cultures of the native peoples of North America The researchers were interested in the origin and diversity of Native Americans which brought together studies of customs social life language and physical traits The biological aspect was included because of the relationship of biology and cultureB The Four Subfields and Methods of ResearchThe four subfields of general Anthropology are sociocultural archaeological biological and linguistic 1Cultural Anthropology or sociocultural is the study of human society and culture This subfield describes analyzes interprets and explains social and cultural similarities and differences There are two ways in which this field is studied ethnography provides an account of a particular community society or culture During ethnographic fieldwork the ethnographer gathers data that he or she organizes describes analyzes and interprets The second way that this subfield is studied is by using ethnology Ethnology examines interprets analyzes and compares the result of ethnography the
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