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The web article that I found gives in-depth information on the organic compound benzene Benzene is a colorless liquid that has a characteristic odor and a burning taste The benzene molecule is a closed ring of six carbon atoms connected by bonds that resonate between single and double bonds in which each carbon is bound to a single hydrogen atom It is insoluble in water but miscible in all proportions with organic compounds It is a good solvent for certain elements such as sulfur phosphorus and iodine also for fats gums waxes resins and for most simple organic chemicals Benzene is one of the most commonly used solvents in the organic chemical laboratory It melts at 55 C boils at 801C and has a specific gravity of 088 at 20C If inhaled in large quantities benzene is poisonous In 1978 the US Department of Labor restricted worker exposure to benzene because of evidence that it could cause cancer The vapors are explosive and the liquid is flammable Many compounds such as nitrobenzene are obtained from benzene Benzene is also used in the manufacture of drugs and in the production of important derivatives such as aniline and phenol These are included in an important chemical group known as aromatic compounds Michael Faraday an English scientist discovered benzene in 1825 However it did not become available in large quantities until 1842 after it was found that coal tar contains benzene A ton of coal if cooked in a by-product oven yields about 76 liters of benzene Now large quantities of benzene are obtained from petroleum When mixed with a large portion of gasoline it makes a satisfactory fuel In conclusion this web article on benzene was very informative I learned so much about this organic compound Some facts that really interested me were that benzene is insoluble in water it is an excellent solvent for many elements and it is useful in making fuel
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