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Have you ever wondered why those pesky words pop up on your television screen sometimes These words are the product of countless attempts of equaling the playing field of our society The words you see are called Closed Captioning These words allow the hearing impaired to watch television just like we do in the hearing world I will try to give you a basic background of this technological breakthrough In 1972 the first captioned broadcast was The French Chef a PBS show The group that was responsible for this accomplishment was the Caption Center By 1987 the Caption Center was given a grant for three years in the sum of 1 million dollars so they could close caption all nationally syndicated television programming Caption center wwwcaptionorg As of July of 1993 all television sets with at least a 13-inch screen had to have a decoder built into them that would allow viewers to display closed captioning This was not a new phenomenon for viewers Closed Captioning has existed since the early 1900s when silent films were introduced to the world It wasnt until recently that closed captioning would be used as a tool for the hearing impaired In 1996 congress passed laws that made all video cable or public broadcasters phase in closed captioning into their programs Robson PG 222 Closed captions are a key to the social link between both the deaf and the hearing worlds CC which also means closed captioning is a way for deaf viewers to interact with the world around them CC allows deaf people to watch television and participate in other venues like concerts meetings and speeches CC is a major breakthrough and the deaf community owes its presence to the Americans with Disabilities Act also known as ADA for the revamping of their laws because before the revamping only government-funded or government-produced public service announcements were closed-captioned This was ridiculous because 44 million people are
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