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Introduction Since the introduction of the new police in 1829 the force has taken on many new different shapes and sizes From the historic Peelers to the modern day Bobbies the aim has always remained the same To prevent crime and protect and serve the public The origin of the British police lies in early tribal history and is based on customs for securing order through the medium of appointed representatives In effect the people were the police httpwwwmetpoliceukhistorydefinitionhtm Throughout this essay I plan to examine the different models of policing and see how they have changed over the years I also aim to look into the input of private sector policing organisations and evaluate the growth and changes they have undergone Prior 1829 Until 1829 law enforcement had been dramatically lacking in organisation As London expanded during the 18th and 19th centuries maintaining law and order had become a priority and also a matter of public concern The poling system was seen as ineffective and failing dismally to restore and maintain peace and order Previous systems were inhumane containing severe penalties and weak enforcement structures Overall it was counterproductive and inefficient Victims of crime became reluctant to prosecute as did the jury with regards to conviction Reiner 2000 Up until 1829 the police consisted of amateur justices constables and watchmen These were seen as being extremely inefficient and corrupt They were often portrayed as drunkards who shuffled along the darkened streets after sunset with long staves and dim lanterns calling out the time and state of the weather and thus warned the criminal of their approach Reiner 2000 In 1818 and 1822 Parliamentary committees were appointed to investigate the subject of crime and policing It was not until 1829 when Robert Peel became Home Secretary that the Metropolitan Police Act was passed and the Metropolitan Police Force was established Post 1829 Sir Robert Peel had already established the
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