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EGYPTIAN MUMMIES Ancient Egyptians had strong beliefs about their dead and they were obsessed with the afterlife and the requirement to preserve their dead The Egyptians developed mummification for preserving their dead At least nine steps were involved in the making of a mummy It usually took about seventy days before mummification was completed The first step was to remove the internal organs These organs are usually the first to decay Embalmers used a rod to take out the brain tissue through the nose They did not save the brain however they did preserve the heart They believed thoughts came from the heart and not the brain Embalmers also took out the stomach liver and intestines through a cut in the side In the second step the body was washed with wine The alcohol in the wine was used to kill the bacteria The body was then stuffed with cloth or other kinds of material to help it dry and keep its shape In the third step the lungs stomach liver and intestines were washed dried and covered with resin They were then wrapped with linen and put in canopic jars These jars were then placed with the mummy The fourth step was to complete the drying of the body Embalmers packed the body with natron which is sodium carbonate hydrate a mineral Embalmers covered the body with natron for forty days In the fifth step the stuffing was taken out and replaced with new linen and small bags filled with natron earth or herbs The cut on the side was closed and linen pads or jewels were put over the eyes Oil perfume and spices were rubbed on the skin In the sixth step the body was smeared with warm resin Resin is a viscous liquid substance made from plants As it cooled it became very hard This sealed the skin in a hard coating and kept water from getting
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