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Cant find it here Try MegaEssayscom Enlightenment Attitudes Towards Religion By Lisa Enlightenment Attitudes Towards Religion Scientific and philosophical innovations during the 18th century brought about a new breed of thinkers Their driving forces of rational and reason shifted the religious temperament of the elite from enthusiasts to intellectuals They argued that there was no divine standard of morality no afterlife to divert humanity from worldly concerns The Western Experience pg 657 They were radicals who sought to displace the authority of religion Driven by reason enlightenment thinkers naturally opposed superstition and attempted to replace religious mysticism with philosophical standards and scientific formulations Their shift of focus highlighted reverence for the Creator and moral teachings of the Bible By eliminating superstition they hoped to bolster the Christian religion The Western Experience pg 660 Two philosophies of the new enlightened view of religion were toleration and deism both of which sustained the faith of the educated elite However these philosophies displaced the authority of religion in society The Western Experience pg 660 Never again would the teachings of Christianity be so readily accepted French critic Pierre Bayle put forth the concept of religious tolerance in his Critical and Historical Dictionary Typical of an enlightenment thinker Bayle put the claims of religion to the test of critical reason He concluded that many of Christianitys sacred traditions were myth and its history nothing more than fantasy and persecution He also professed that importance lay in an individuals morality and not their creed The Western Experience pg 660 Dennis Diderot echoes this sentiment in his encyclopedic definition of the term irreligious stating that morality is the universal law that the finger of God has engraved on all our hearts and that consequently we should not confuse immortality and irreligion Mortality can exist without religion and religion perhaps even exits frequently with immortality Course Pak Chapter 2 pg 157 Further Diderot sites the Fathers of a
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