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Homo Floresiensis is a hominid species whose remains were discovered on the island of Flores in 2003 Although its exact identity and origin are in dispute HFloresiensis was considered sufficiently anatomically different to constitute a new species Its discovery has generated debate over hominid culture and dispersal Most significantly it has effected uncertainty about the path of modern human evolution as well as the relationship between physical characters eg encephalisation height etc and intelligence DISPERSAL SURVIVAL A significant aspect of the discovery of H Floresiensis is that they survived as recently as 18000 years ago as confirmed by radiocarbon C14 dating This makes them the most recent non-modern hominid far outliving homo neanderthalensis which is thought to have gone extinct 30000 years ago As a result HFloresiensis is thought to have been contemporaneous with modern humans who arrived in the region 35000-55000 years ago but who survived where HFloresiensis didnt Figure 1 Outlines that HFloresiensis was contemporaneous with modern humans and posits that the species derived from an ancestral HErectus population in SE Asia The discovery is significant in that it facilitates further uncertainty about how modern human populations succeeded earlier humans One hypothesis is that modern humans were responsible for the extinction of these earlier species such as HNeanderthalensis and early archaics as part of the complete replacement model Accordingly it has been proposed that modern humans migrating in Asia between 500000 and 100000 years ago may have been the reason for their demise This would rationalise the existence of very advanced tools in areas near the remains which are discussed below A conflicting theory based on the disappearance of stegodon remains is that a volcanic event led to their extinction approximately 12000 years ago Thus the discovery underscores the debate between the complete replacement and regional continuity model for the emergence of modern human populations CULTURE The discovery is also significant in
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