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How to Administer Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation Knowledge of how to perform cardio-pulmonary resuscitation CPR is very pertinent Seventy- five percent of all cardiac arrests occur in the home CPR doubles a persons chance of survival from one of these arrests In the instance of a cardiac arrest the heart goes from a normal steady heartbeat to an unsteady rhythm the uneasy rhythm is called ventricular fibrillation VF VF occurs in two thirds of all cardiac arrests VF can also be fatal unless defibrillation an electric shock is given CPR does not cease fibrillation but it does provide a window of time for defibrillation to be effective CPR also provides a small amount of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart and keeps these organs alive until defibrillation can shock the heartbeat back to a normal pace If CPR is started within four minutes of collapse and defibrillation is provided within ten minutes a person has a 40 chance of survival There are special guidelines for performing CPR on different age groups because of the size of the rib cage and fragility of the bones To perform CPR on an adult the first thing to do is to check for responsiveness in the victim if there is no response phone 911 and return to the victim The second step is to tilt the victims head back and listen for breathing If the victim is not breathing normally cover their mouth with yours and blow until the chest rises Give two breaths each should take two seconds The third step is to push down on the chest with two hands on top of each other one and a half to two inches 15 times right between the nipples Pump at the rate of 100 pumps per minute faster than once per second Continue with two breaths and 15 pumps until help arrives To perform CPR on children ages one to eight the steps are very
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