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Humes moral theory comes from of his belief that reason alone can never cause action Action is caused by desires or feelings and as reason alone can never cause action morality is rooted in our feelings Hume was most concerned with peoples actions since he believed that their actions causally followed their sentiments and desires In this way reason is incapable of motivating an action According to Hume reason cannot fuel an action and therefore cannot motivate it In order to prove this against the idea of rationalism Hume suggests that morality conforms to reason and certain unchanging relations between things are in turn suggesting that morality can be traced back merely to ideas and their relations Hume argues that rationalists suggest that reason alone enables us to make moral distinctions He then goes on to make a number of arguments suggesting that reason alone is not adequate in making moral judgments First Hume argues that moral distinctions directly influence our behavior since they directly arouse our passions and make us act Second Hume argues that our passions desires and actions are not representative of anything else they are complete in themselves and as such they can be neither true nor false Further reason is always concerned with discovering what is true and what is false and so cannot cause any actions which can have no truth value A further argument Hume presents is that although some actions may be unreasonable because they contradict previous actions and may be regarded as immoral this is not because actions are caused by an immoral faculty of reason but merely by an error of fact Sentiments decide a goal and reason decides the means to that goal In this case the reason is faulty but not immoral Similarly Hume criticizes the rationalists on the grounds that the relation between the theft of an apple and of a car to their respective owners is the same and as
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