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Lockes Ideas and the Parallels in Lord of the Flies In studying the ideological government established by John Lockes Second Treatise on Civil Government 1689 a distinct parallel can be drawn to the contemporary film by Golding Lord of the Flies Each piece concentrates on mans struggle with power and his own interpretation of a workable and viable system of rules and codes of conduct In order to adequately comprehend the nature of similarity between these two works it is necessary to have a firm understanding of Lockes views pertaining to political theory In his Second Treatise considerably his greatest contribution in the realm of political theory Locke specifically centers his view on a rather narrowly defined aspect of politics the part he explains that is most concerned with The True Original Extent and End of Civil Government While his major focus of thought in the Second Treatise is the framework of a justifiable and workable government Locke also establishes the issues and viability relating to virtue Locke believes the soul reason society degenerates to armed conflict and strife is because of a depletion of the essential ingredients of an individual or a communitys self-preservation According to the Second Treatise the ingredients include 1 The right to private property which is grounded in the exercise of the virtues of rationality and industry 2 The powers of government must be separated because virtue is always in short supply but prerogative which depends on virtue in judgment must be retained by the executive because of the necessary imperfections of the rule of law 3 The right of resistance to illegitimate government presupposes the exercise of restraint and rational judgment by the people Locke also notes the family as the human organization which is most central for the development of virtue in a governmental association that both reveres and promotes natural freedom and balance Locke 29-34 Locke says that freedom from arbitrary power is so
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