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Lockes 2nd Treatise on Govt Lockes Second Treatise of Government by far is his most influential and important piece of writing In it he set forth his theory of natural law and natural right He shows that there does exist a rational purpose to government and one need not rely on mysticism and mystery Against anarchy Locke saw his job as one who must defend government as an institution Lockes object was to insist not only that the public welfare was the test of good government and the basis for properly imposing obligations on the citizens of a country but also that the public welfare made government necessary Locke believed that the mind is blank upon birth As a person grows and develops so does their mind He urged individuals to formulate theories and to test them through experiments The fundamental claim is that human knowledge begins with sense experience and primarily is derived from it Locke begins his philosophical examination of knowledge by trying to disprove the claim that some of our knowledge is original in the sense that it comes from ideas which are innate or inborn Lockes attempted refutation depends on a questionable assumption if an individual has an idea then that individual would understand it and assent to its content Also Locke believed in religious freedom and the separation of church and state He thought that God established divine law This could be discovered by reasoning and to disobey it was morally wrong He also held the opinion that no one should dictate the form of anothers religion But Locke points out that there is widespread disagreement over the concept of God Furthermore it does not seem to be present at all in small children We form ideas as the endpoint of the action of physical bodies on our own bodies Locke points out that sometimes he uses idea to refer to the end product what exists in the
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