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Word Count: 571
The OAU As African countries fought to gain and maintain independence from colonial rule during the 1950sand 1960s it became apparent that there was a need for a stronger more unified entity that could represent their interest in the political arena They needed a body that could combine the efforts toward self- rule of the small governments while maintaining each countrys sovereignty Most importantly though these African nations sought an organization that can raise the standard of living for all Africans Thus the need arose to form the Organization of African Unity Africans had long lived poor and deprived from the outset of colonial rule They lived malnourished both physically and intellectually as there was no hope for a better future under the highly racist and oppressive colonial rule In an attempt to alleviate the mass bloodshed usually involved with gaining and preserving independence from colonial rule Africans had long needed a power that would represent them Further they needed an entity that could preserve their stance of non-alignment with the current power structures that were forming amongst the rest of the worlds nations Most importantly the Organization of African Unity could stance as a means to build a support system for the weak newly independent nations These stood as easily understood strong justifications for the forming of the OAU The OAU was a product of the efforts of numerous individuals Liberian diplomat Edward Wilmont Blydent Jamaican Marcus Moziah Garvey who formed the Universal Negro Improvement Organization and William DuBois an articulate African American highly educated in African affairs and writer Kobina Sekyi all played a major role in forming and promoting the premise behind the OAU long before its formation Yet the actual organizations formation only came after a number of conferences by the thirty-two newly independent African nations Together on May 25 1963 in Addis Ababa Ethiopia they decided that the Pan African
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