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Rural settlements usually includes 4 main parts isolated areas hamlets villages and small market towns However countries define minimum size of population required to enable a settlement to be termed a town differently In USA it is 2500 Denmark is 250 However in China there is not a clear definition of how big a town or village should be One defintion of Chinas is an area with less than 100000 of foreign population can be defined as a town or village Normally LEDCs like China have much more rural population than MEDCs such as Britain and USA One reason for this phenomenon is that LEDCs tend to have large amount of primary industries such as farming and forestry more population might be needed to work on the land These people however are relatively poor than those in urban Although China has implemented the One child policy in 1979 Yet many rural areas would not obey this law which lead to a higher birth rate in the rural area than in urban To alleviate this problem China allows people in countryside to have a second child if the first one is a girl sex discrimination is a serious problem in rural Normaly familise would still have more than 2 kids In MEDCs where tertiary industries are more concentrated there would be more people in urban areas Industrilization and urbanization happened in the early 20th century which attracted most people Now the cities are in a very mature stage As urban areas grow rural areas tend to decrease so as rural population Britain has a huge popuilation decline in Agriculture This is contributed not only by the more service sector but also the higher technology and skills in mechanization which restult in larger yields with less people Applying the green revolution which include hybrid seed selection fertilizers and pesticides used biochemical irrigation by diesel and electric pumps tractors and fam machanization and transport roads and vehicles
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