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Schizophrenia Schizophrenia an often misunderstood disease is usually interpreted by those not familiar with it as Multiple Personality Disorder but this is not so While a person afflicted with schizophrenia may also suffer from multiple personality disorder it is not the rule of thumb Unfortunately due to lack of support from family or friends many schizophrenics go without proper treatment and may wind up homeless This paper will discuss procedures doctors follow when diagnosing the disease treatment and control of the disease and finally some of the legal and ethical concerns surrounding those who suffer from schizophrenia To start with since there is nothing that can be measured to diagnose schizophrenia and many of its symptoms are shared by other diseases what schizophrenia is or is not can not be decided on However German psychiatrist Kurt Schneider developed a list of symptoms which occur very rarely in diseases other than schizophrenia These symptoms include auditory hallucinations in which voices speak the schizophrenics thoughts aloud There are also two other forms of auditory hallucinations in one the victim will hear two voices arguing in the other a voice will be heard commenting the actions of the person Schizophrenics may also suffer from the feeling that their actions are being controlled by an external force or the delusion that certain commonplace remarks have a secret meaning for themselves Torrey 1983 From these symptoms schizophrenia is divided into four sub-types determined by which symptoms are most prevalent Strauss 1987 The four sub-types are paranoid hebephrenic catatonic and finally simple Paranoid schizophrenics often suffer from either delusions hallucinations or both of a persecutory content Hebephrenic schizophrenia is characterized by inappropriate emotions disorganized thinking and extreme social impairment Catatonic schizophrenics often suffer from rigidity stupor and often mutism The final form of schizophrenia simple schizophrenia lacks developed hallucinations or delusion It is however accompanied by an overwhelming loss of interest and initiative The sufferer of simple schizophrenia will also usually
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