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Deontological ethics is too rigid in its emphasis on duties utilitarian ethics too keen to override basic human rights Deontology and utilitarianism are both types of ethics referring to how one reacts in a certain situation Deontology is based on following a set of duties and sticking to these duties no matter what the consequences whereas utilitarianism is based on choosing the best outcome over a short term and long term even if it means depriving people of basic human rights for example However does this mean that deontological ethics is too rigid in its emphasis on duties and that utilitarian ethics is too keen to override basic human rights According to a deontologist ones actions must be determined by a set of duties regardless of whether the long term consequences are good or bad A deontologist believes in human morals and that every human has certain rights and these morals and rights should not be betrayed no matter what the cost for example sacrificing one life to save one hundred lives would be unacceptable to the deontologist despite the fact the consequences would be better overall The biggest problem with deontology is knowing which set of duties to follow there could be a great variation in systems between people from different backgrounds different social classes different religions and people from different cultures For example a Protestant English Lord would have different morals and a different set of duties than a lower class Indian Hindu It is very difficult to tell which set of duties if any is the right one Deontologists suffer many problems when their duties seem to conflict with themselves or with other duties One has a duty to save lives but what if in order to do this one must betray another duty for example a husbands sick wife
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