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Is face-to-face F2F communication necessary for the expression of emotions What effects have the use of SMS on the development and maintenance of relationships today Can one express themselves via SMS or is it merely an act of self-preservation Firstly the difference between expression and communication shall be outlined in accordance with the terminology of Goffman Goffmans terminology will be applied to the nature of SMS communication According to Goffman 1969 expression refers to gesture signs vocalizations marks and movements produced by the mere presence of a person in an environment The expressions emanating from the individual do not present any explicit statement or argument about things in general but they give information about the expressing organism The tone of voice non-verbal cues facial expressions bodily movement provide us with information about how a person is feeling about what they are saying and towards theyre immediate physical proximity The information received from expressions is always tied to the expresser and the specific on-going situation Meyrowitz 85 In contrast Goffman defines communication to mean the use of language or language like symbols for the intentional transmission of a message Communication involves purposeful symbolic utterances or written statements about things events and ideas These communications can be abstract Ideas about abstracts such as freedom or hopes for the future can be communicated The distinction lies here One can start and stop communicating at will but one cannot stop expressing Goffman 1969 Communications are consciously given but expressions are given off Expressions are constant and much less controllable than communications While communications can be about anything expressions are about the person giving them off Expressions are personal and idiosyncratic They are used in the process of revealing what a person feels or what a person is like For this reason important decisions about relationships rely much more heavily on expressions than on communications Meyrowitz 1985 Expressive messages constantly tell us something about the expressers
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