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Today Hinduism has grown to become the worlds third largest religion after Christianity and Islam It claims about 762 million followers - 13 of the worlds population It is the dominant religion in India Nepal and among the Tamils in Sri Lanka Hinduism is generally regarded as the worlds oldest organized religion The seven hundred verse Sanskrit poem known as the Bhagavad Gita is the most important text in the religion of Hinduism The Bhagavad Gita is the highest expression of philosophical Hinduism It is a chapter of the immense Indian epic the Mahabharata the saga of the war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas The message of The Gita as explained by Lord Krishna to Arjuna in the middle of the battlefield Kurukshetra deals with the need to integrate our actions with knowledge and Swadharma sense of duty httpmembersaolcomjajnsnanasahtml Arjuna hero of the Pandavas is about to confront the army of the Kauravas on the battlefield of Kuruksetra Among the opposing army are his friends and relatives Convinced that it would be wrong to kill his own kinsmen Arjuna is overcome by despair He lays down his bow and declares that he will not fight The God Vishnu incarnated as the charioteer Krishna explains that Arjuna should do his duty and do battle The human soul which is part of the universal soul is immortal - therefore no one is actually slain If people perform the duties appropriate to their station without attachment to success or failure then they cannot be stained by action The rest of the poem provides the full philosophy underlying this insight The Gita is variously dated between the third century BC and the fourth century AD The reason for uncertainty is that the Gita is not always consistent and may be the work of several hands A follower of the philosophy expressed in the Upanishads probably wrote one strand in which Brahman is the highest unity underlying reality A
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