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Introduction In this essay I will state clearly the definition of needs analysis and explore how needs analysis can be used to develop an appropriate beginners course for adult learners Furthermore I will outline to what extent do the methods and approaches needed to teach beginners differ from those needed to teach students of higher proficiency levels In the field of needs analysis the work of John Munbys Communicative Syllabus Design 1978 is one of the most thorough and widely known work In his work he presents detailed set of procedures for discovering target situation needs He calls this set the Communication Needs Processor CNP The CNP consists of a range of questions about key communication variables for example topic medium learners etc This would be used to identify the target language needs of any group of learners With this new idea of CNP he provided a mechanism for identifying the needs of any group of learners Hutchinson D 1992 Definition of needs analysis Needs analysis is considered as the process of gathering and interpreting information on the uses to which language learners will put the target language TL following instruction and what the learners will need to do in the learning situation in order to learn the TL The results of needs analysis are used in language program planning to make decisions about appropriate learning objectives syllabus content teaching and assessment methods learning materials and resources In another definition needs analysis is the ability to comprehend andor produce the linguistic features of the target language Necessity of needs analysis Over the past two decades natural approaches to language learning have been adopted in many language learning contexts These approaches are based on an assumption that students learn naturally and unconsciously if they are exposed to the appropriate language input Krashen and Terrell 1993 When using natural approaches teachers are often reluctant to intervene once they have provided the
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