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Word Count: 750
The Piltdown Man 1 A hoax A hoax n 1 Practical joke 2 Deceptive trick 3 Play trick upon 4 Decieve example Piltdown Man For forty years they were considered one of the archaeological finds of the century A fragment of jaw and a part of a skull that could prove man evolved from the apes They were the bones of Eoanthropus dawsoni found near Piltdown Common in Sussex The bones of the Missing Link Not since 1953 the name Piltdown hasnt been associated with great scientific discovery but great scientific fraud It was in that year that a group of scientists lead by Kenneth Page Oakley attempted to use the new method of fluorine testing to get a more exact date on the bones What the test showed surprised them The jaw was modern and the skull only six hundred years old Additional analysis soon confirmed the fluorine tests The jaw was really that of an orangutan It had been filed down and parts that might have suggested its simian origin were broken off Both pieces had been treated to suggest great age Piltdown was proclaimed genuine by several of the most brilliant British scientists of the day Arthur Smith Woodward Arthur Keith and Grafton Elliot Smith How did these faked fragments of bone fool the best scientific minds of the time Perhaps the desire to be part of a great discovery blinded those charged with authenticating it Many English scientists felt left out by discoveries on the continent Neanderthal had been found in Germany in 1856 and Cro-Magnon in France in 1868 Perhaps national pride had kept the researchers from noticing the scratch marks made by the filing of the jaw and teeth Items that were apparent later on to investigators after Oakley exposed the hoax Even as early as 1914 though there were those that doubted the fossils William King Gregory wrote It has been suspected
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