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The Respondents in this case are Natural Resource Defense Council Inc Citizens for e Better Environment Inc and North Western Ohio Lung Association Inc The Petitioners in the case are Chevron USA Inc American Iron and Steel Institute American Petroleum Institute Chemical Manufacturers Association Inc General Motor Corp and Rubber Manufacturers Association II LOWER COURT DECISION The Respondent Natural Resource Defense Council filed a petition for a review of the Environment Protection Agency EPA Bubble statue The Court of Appeals determined that while the Clean Air Act did not explicitly define stationary sources the plantwide or bubble definition was inappropriate as applied to the nonattainment program and ruled in favor of the Petitioners Chevron USA Inc The court concluded that in view of the purpose of the nonattainment program to improve rather that merely maintain air quality The plantwide definition was inappropriate while stating it mandatory in programs designed to maintain existing air quality III FACTS The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 impose certain requirements on States that have not achieved the national air quality standards established by the Environment Protection Agency EPA For those States that could not reach the requirement of the Clean Air Act there were known as Nonattainment States The nonattainment States were issued permit by the EPA regulating new or modify major stationary sources of air pollution The Environment Protection Agency EPA regulations promulgated in 1981 to implement the permit requirement allow States to adopt a plantwide definition of the term Stationary Source under which an existing plant that contains several polluting emitting devices in a single plant can install or modify one piece of equipment without meeting the permit conditions as long as the total emission within the bubble did not increased This was called bubble IV ANALSIS The issue before the Supreme Court whether EPAs decision to allow States to treat all of the pollution-emitting devices within the same industrial grouping as though they were encased within
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