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Throughout history the civilizations of both England and China have been deeply impacted by religion In England two main religions were practiced Catholicism and Protestantism While these two religions were practiced somewhat in China especially Catholicism they were not the major religions Conversely Chinas main religions over time have been Buddhism and Confucianism Along with Taoism and Islam these religions have helped to shape China A major driving force behind the culture of England was the Church of England Henry VIII founded the Church of England in the 1500s as a result of his dispute with the Roman Catholic Church The Church was a very powerful political force httpwwwgobernetvictorianreportsreligionhtml English society was far from a secular one Because of both its size and power the Church was able to exercise great power of the people It was during the 18th century 1738 to be exact when the Evangelical movement began in England httpwwwspartacusschoolnetcoukREevangelicalhtm The movement is believed to have begun when John Wesley was converted Wesley was not allowed to preach in Church of England churches Because of this he was forced to preach mostly outdoors and ultimately form his own organization which began the Wesleyan Church Eighteenth century England was marked by strong feelings of anti-Catholicism This was due to many reasons The main reason was the popularity of the Protestant religion in England The main religion Anglicanism was in fact a Protestant religion The main reason for the conflict during this time period was the disagreement concerning the authority of the Pope Protestants disagreed with the fact that the Pope was the center of the religion rather than Jesus They believed that this went completely against Christian beliefs and what was taught in the Bible Haydon 19934 There was also a great fear among the English that the Catholics would attempt to take over England and create a Papal monarchy The fear was that if England became a Catholic-ruled nation the English people
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