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The transitions to a higher self of the human consciousness include two main historical transitions Greek and Christian The Greek transited from the mythical to the critical consciousness with the argument of philosophers such as Aristotle The Christian transition is from that of a concept of rationality to an existential one by the aid of philosophers like Augustine Before Plato and Aristotle the two main philosophers that paved the way for the expansion of the western world the general community relied on myths to share stories of various moral values Plato introduces the concept of critical thinking He uses the Socratic seminar to first understand the meaning then to see whether or not the claim is true through digging into the subject and having a closer look He ultimately transited from the telling of myths to using critical reasoning to express opinions of morality Aristotle goes about critical reasoning by discussing virtue habituation and the End of Human Existence through a teleological means to end analysis He assumes that man is a rational animal and everything has a purpose Man is naturally inclined to find happiness through reason Reason itself is divine and consists of immortality which results in moral excellence He ties moral virtue a habituated process and intellectual virtue which is taught through experience and time together by making them relate to each other as if one cant exist without the other Both philosophers agree that to miss the mark is the greatest sin to commit As has been argued the philosophers concepts had paved the way for the expansion of the Western consciousness as well as setting a standard for learning The Christian era transited from a critical frame of mind to an existential consciousness meaning the free being one thats purpose is to achieve happiness Augustine further develops this argument by stating that man is free to choose between good and evil or emptiness This leads to theodicy the problem
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