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Jean Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes are two of the most influential political theorists in the worldArbury Their ideas and philosophies have spread all over the world influencing the creation of many new governments Arbury Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were seventeenth and eighteenth century philosophers with similar yet contrasting theories about human nature both men developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves Hobbes theory is based upon the assumption that human nature is naturally competitive and violent while Rousseaus theory about the state of natural man is one living in harmony with nature and in a better situation than that he was seeing throughout his life in EuropeArbury In some cases Hobbes has been criticized because of his overly cynical view of human nature whereas Rousseau has been criticized because of his nave view of human nature Palaver The concept of state of nature merely means the state of man as it would be if there were no political organization or governmentPeople and Idea Systems This concept has been used by many philosophers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as a criterion of what mans natural condition might be and how this condition has been corrupted by civilizationPalaver Through this paper I will compare and contrast the human nature and individualism mentioned in Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes and the Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Mankind by Jean-Jacques Rousseau In Leviathan Thomas Hobbes presents the reader with an overall pessimistic view of human nature void of human emotions and based on reason Hobbes begins his critique of human nature by creating what he refers to as state of nature Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau agree that the state of nature is what would exist without a government present In this state of nature Hobbes believes that people are naturally savage and out for themselves for the laws of nature justice equity modesty mercy and the golden rule of
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