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In this essay I intend to distinguish the most important features of Swing and Bebop how they developed and in so doing ascertain how the two styles differed Subsequently I hope to understand why Bebop was not as successful an approach as the popularity of Swing despite their relationship The swing era began during the late 1920s and dominated until well into the 1940s The music was quite different to earlier jazz in many ways such as the use of bands of ten or more men requiring more focus on written arrangements and less on collective improvisation The music consisted of a stronger swing atmosphere accomplished with an augmented use of swing eighth-note patterns As a result there was a smoother rhythmic feeling in swing In the song It Dont Mean A Thing If It Aint Got That Swing by Lionel Hampton we can evidently hear the swing eighth-note patterns and the distinct sections of the big band The use of the Big Band as it was consequently named was invented by the composers arrangers Fletcher Henderson and Don Redman The most prominent of these big bands were led by Fletcher Henderson Duke Ellington Count Basie and Benny Goodman the King of Swing Primarily it consisted of a brass section of four trumpets and four trombones a reed section of around five saxophones which could be doubled on clarinet if it was required and a rhythm section of piano guitar bass and drums It was during this era that instruments such as bass viols and the hi-hat cymbals became much more significant but most important were the increasing use of saxophones In extract a we can hear the swing notes on the hi-hat behind the trumpet solo sections Although in this song the saxophones feature mainly in sections as an answer to the trumpet solos in extract b there is a short saxophone solo as well The man generally considered to
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