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Sumerian vs Egyptian Deities The Sumerian and Egyptian cultures developed a rich and detailed mythology over the thousands of years of their existence Each culture developed its own complex polytheistic system of deities and worship There are many aspects of both of these two cultures gods that are similar but for one to truly understand the relationship between these two cultures one must delve deeper and look at the differences The Sumerians had four leading deities known as creating gods These gods were An the god of heaven Ki Kiki the goddess of earth Enlil the god of air and Enki who later became Ea the god of water Like these creator gods most Sumerian gods are the personification of local elements and natural forces Kramer The Sumerian gods were grouped into three levels indicating their importance and power The highest level was that of the primary deities or creator gods who were created for creating all life on earth life The next level of gods were known as The Seven Who Decreed Fate This group not only consisted of the four primary deities but also included Nanna his son Utu the sun god and a god of justice and Nannas daughter Inanna goddess of love and war Most of the gods were in the next level that was known as the fifty great gods or the Anunna The bottom level consisted of lower gods demigods and in some cases heros Sumerians believed humans were created as labor saving devises for the gods Each family and town had a patron god that might interven in troubled times to help the people Most towns also had a ziggurat in which they worshiped that citys god The ziggurat also served as the home of the high priest The high priest was considered divine and it was his job to tell the people the other gods will This was usually done by reading sheep or goat entrailsSiren
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