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TOWARDS A COMPUTATIONAL THEORY OF HUMAN DAYDREAMING Erik T Mueller Michael G Dyer Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Computer Science Department University of California Los Angeles CA 90024 Citation Mueller Erik T and Dyer Michael G 1985 Towards a computational theory of human daydreaming In Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society pp 120-129 Irvine CA The work reported here was made possible in part by a grant from the Keck Foundation with matching funds from the UCLA School of Engineering and Applied Sciences The first author was also supported in part by an Atlantic Richfield Doctoral Fellowship and the second author by an IBM Faculty Development Award ABSTRACT This paper examines the phenomenon of daydreaming spontaneously recalling or imagining personal or vicarious experiences in the past or future The following important roles of daydreaming in human cognition are postulated plan preparation and rehearsal learning from failures and successes support for processes of creativity emotion regulation and motivation A computational theory of daydreaming and its implementation as the program DAYDREAMER are presented DAYDREAMER consists of 1 a scenario generator based on relaxed planning 2 a dynamic episodic memory of experiences used by the scenario generator 3 a collection of personal goals and control goals which guide the scenario generator 4 an emotion component in which daydreams initiate and are initiated by emotional states arising from goal outcomes and 5 domain knowledge of interpersonal relations and common everyday occurrences The role of emotions and control goals in daydreaming is discussed Four control goals commonly used in guiding daydreaming are presented rationalization failuresuccess reversal revenge and preparation The role of episodic memory in daydreaming is considered including how daydreamed information is incorporated into memory and later used An initial version of DAYDREAMER which produces several daydreams in English is currently running 1 INTRODUCTION Daydreaming is the spontaneous
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