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In 1854-56 during the Crimean War she was in charge of nursing in the military hospitals at Scutari in Turkey where she coped with conditions of crowding inadequate sanitation and shortage of basic necessities In 1860 she established in London the Nightingale School for Nurses the first such in the world The second daughter of William Edward Nightingale originally Shore and Frances Fanny Smith Florence was named after her birthplace where her well-to-do parents were temporarily resident She grew up in Derbyshire Hampshire and London where her family maintained comfortable homes She was educated largely by her father who taught her Greek Latin French German Italian history philosophy and mathematics Throughout her life she read widely in many languages Social life was generally unsatisfying for Nightingale On Feb 7 1837 she believed that she had heard the voice of God informing her that she had a mission but it was not until nine years later that she realized what that mission was Meanwhile she strove to escape to a life of her own Her proposal to study nursing at a hospital was scotched She was then persuaded to study parliamentary reports and in three years she was regarded by influential friends as an expert on public health and hospitals In 1846 a friend sent Nightingale the Year Book of the Institution of Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserswerth Ger which trained country girls of good character to nurse the sick Four years later she entered the institution and went through the full course of training as a nurse In 1853 she was appointed superintendent of the Institution for the Care of Sick Gentlewomen in London The changes that she made and her administration were very successful But she yearned for a wider field by January 1854 she was referring to the institution as this little molehill The Crimean War broke out in March 1854 and
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