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Before getting into any specific details the precipitating causes of the American Civil War were 1 John Browns raid on Harpers Ferry and 2 the election of Abraham Lincoln The first reason was not very deep at all John Brown was a man who was feared and hated in the South He hated slavery and was committed to doing all he could to end it He settled in Kansas and was involved in some of the violence that took place there In 1856 he went to Pottowatomic Creek which was a southern settlement He had a group of men with him and they attacked and killed 6 slave-holding men at Dutch Henrys Crossing Brown and his men then disappeared In October of 1859 he attacked the town of Harpers Ferry Virginia which had a Federal Armory They seized a gun factory and an arsenal where military equipment was kept Brown had about 20 men with him and a battle ensued between them and the local militia Eventually Brown and his men were pinned down in a small brick building President Buchanan sent the Marines to Harpers Ferry They attacked the building and Browns rebellion was ended A small historical fact is that the first person John Brown shot that day was a Free Black Man John Brown was tried in Virginia and found guilty of murder He was hung on December 2 1859 Southerners condemned Brown and blamed all Northerners in general for the raid Many southerners believed that all Northerners wanted a slave rebellion in the south When Brown was executed they cheered in the south However in the north they mourned and looked upon Brown as a martyr As the election year of 1860 approached the south became renewed in its determination to defend slavery or to leave the Union That brings us to the second main reason - the 1860-election year The Presidential Election of 1860 proved to be the final blow
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