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Word Count: 1,061
The Civil War was the result of 40 years of intense conflict and symbolized economic social and poliitical diferences between the north and the south The South produced cash crops cotton tobacco and sugarcan for export to the north and Europe it depended on the North for manufactures and for trade The labor force in the south included nearly 4 million slaves Although the slave owners formed a small minority of the population it dominated Southern politics and society Slaves were the largest single investment in the south Fear of slave unrest ensured the loyalty of non slave owners to the economic and social system To maintain peace between the Southern and Northern supporters in the dmocratic and whig parties political leaders tried to avoid the slavery question Ignoring the issue became really difficult The Missouri compromise of 1820 temporarily solved the problem by makeing the 36 30 parallel as the line separating free and slave territory in the louisiana purchase Conflict came back when the US borders were extended westward to the pacific The Compromise Measures of 1850 provided for the admision of california as a free state and the organazation of two new territories Utah and New Mexica From the land acquired in the Mexican War The principle of popular sovereignty would be applied there permiting the teritorial legislatres to decide the status of slavery when they applied for statehood Inspite of the compromis of 1850 conflict persisted The South had become a minority section Its leaders viewed the actions of the US congress with growing concern The north east demanded for its industrial growth a protective tariff The northwest looked to congress for free
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