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Dear Colleagues I hope this set of essays from a previously published volume in the series helps familiarize you with the form and format of our volume Water and the Environment Since 1945 A Cross-Cultural Perspective This template also contains a photo a document and a bibliography we must submit bibliographies and the publisher would like suggestions for photos and documents Good luck Char Source History in Dispute Volume 1 The Cold War First Series Editor Benjamin Frankel BERLIN CRISES Why did the Berlin crises occur Viewpoint The Berlin crises occurred not because the city had any intrinsic strategic value but because it was a powerful symbol of the cold-war conflict between capitalism and communism Viewpoint The Berlin crises took place because of the vital strategic importance of the city to both the West and the Soviet Union Introduction Allied agreements about the occupation of Germany after the Second World War created an unusual status for the city of Berlin Like Germany itself Berlin was divided into four separate occupation zones As the cold war became the dominant factor in international relations the British French and Americans combined their zones of the country and the city into one economic and administrative unit to form what became the Federal Republic of Germany leaving West Berlin in an especially precarious situation one hundred miles within the separate Soviet occupation zone which soon became East Germany The exposed position left the population of West Berlin dangerously dependent on Soviet willingness to allow supplies through In 1948-1949 the Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin in response to the introduction of currency reform in the Western sectors without Moscows consent Although an American airlift that lasted for more than a year saved the city and persuaded the Soviets to relent without a military confrontation the city remained in a delicate situation for the rest of the cold war
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