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In 1941 The USA was a very reluctant world power Four years later it had become a superpower in every sense of the word After the First World War the European nations assumed that the United States US would continue to involve itself in international matters particularly in helping to reconstruct Europe and help maintain the balance of power However the US showed no inclination to become involved On the one hand this was seen in Europe as evidence of selfishness and immaturity On the other whilst many Americans shared the Europeans sense of disillusionment with the war and its aftermath they also believed that their involvement had been both unnecessary and a grave mistake The Nye Committee 1935 proclaimed that the US had been lured into the war by armaments manufacturers and by Wall Street bankers who wanted to save their fortunes Foreign policy had seldom interested many Americans and there was no earthly reason in the inter-war years why they felt that they should become involved in what they considered to be the affairs of other nations They were not threatened and there were more important activities to which they wanted to devote their time and money Many thought of relations with other nations in terms of trade and finance which belonged in the realm of the private sector and that there was little need for political and hence public involvement with other countries As a result the American approach to foreign policy in the inter-war years appears to be confused Public opinion and Congress appeared to be predominantly isolationist and this had to be taken into account by presidents and policy makers who wished to be more active During the 1920s Republican Party administrators implemented a foreign policy consisting of two main themes First the reconstruction of Europe in which the government would take a back seat to the private sector and second the backing of moves for the
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