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Word Count: 1,129
The four great revolutions in thought and religion that occurred in the first millennium BCE shaped the subsequent history of the world as the cultural descendents of India China the Middle East and Greece attempted to define the meaning of life and understand humankinds relationship with the cosmos The philosophical and religious movements of the worlds major civilizations contained many common elements as well as significant differences in their attempt to answer the profound questions that arose at this time The Indian document Upanishads and Aristotles Nichomachian Ethics are two such works that show these differences and similarities in thought at this time When examining Upanishads Fourth Adhyaya on pp 14-16 we get a sense of a more spiritual outlook on life and the self as opposed to Aristotles Nichomachian Ethics where the issues that are discussed are more this world The chief concern in Indias Upanishads is the discovery of spiritual enlightenment andor Brahman In order to reach and understand Brahman you have to understand the self In Brahman the body is just a shell something to house your spirit Through self-discipline and the stopping of your natural desires you may reach Brahman ultimate reality In Brahman you must become one with everything and put every other thought behind you making the search for self your priority And as a caterpillar after having reached the end of a blade of grass and after having made another approach to another blade draws itself together towards it thus does this self after having thrown off this body and dispelled all ignorance and after making another approach to another body draw himself together towards itPp14 15 This Brahman that the Indians talk about cannot be proven only perceived They do not question it in any way but they know it is great and something that they work hard to obtain in their lives The thought of immortality while others suffer in pain is appealing to them
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