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The Korean War which began in June of 1950 was a conflict between the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea North Korea and the Republic of Korea South Korea It was one of the bloodiest war in history in which an estimated 3000000 persons lost their lives It was also the first war in which a world organization the United Nations played a military role After World War II US and Soviet forces moved into Korea Soviet troops occupied Korea north of the 38th parallel and American troops occupied Korea south of the parallel The UN wanted to hold general elections in the two Koreas in order to achieve unification of the country However the Soviet Union refused to cooperate with the plan and as a result a Communist state was permanently established under Soviet influence in the north and a pro-Western state was set up at the south Both North and South Korea claimed the entire country and bitter hostility between the two inevitably led to disputes On June 25 1950 the North Koreans with tacit approval of the Soviet Union unleashed a carefully planned attack southward across the 38th parallel and the Korean War began When North Korea invaded South Korea the North Korean Army had about 135000 soldiers in addition to airplanes artillery and tanks while the South Korean Army had only about 95000 soldiers few planes or heavy guns and no tanks The outcome of the war was evident However the UN soon came to South Koreas aid At their greatest strength the South Korean and UN forces consisted of almost 1110000 soldiers Approximately 590000 were South Koreans and 480000 were Americans About 39000 came from Australia Belgium Canada Colombia Ethiopia France Great Britain Greece Luxembourg the Netherlands New Zealand the Phillippines South Africa Thailand and Turkey The North Korean Army soon grew in number as well The army itself grew to more than 260000 troops during the war and China sent
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