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THE OTTAWA CHARTA In 1977 The World Health Organisation recognised that governments all over the world should be trying to achieve a certain level of health for all its individuals by the year 2000 This strategy became known as the global health for all strategy To help achieve this goal the first conference on health promotion was held in Ottawa Canada in 1986 From this conference The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion was produced The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion is a document that represents a worldwide approach to health promotion by the World Health Organisation It enables people to increase control over and improve their health while taking into account different cultural social and economic situations It also outlines necessities needed for health and essential action for health promotion The fundamental conditions and resources for health are -Peace shelter education food income a stable ecosystem sustainable resources social justice and equity Some other prerequisites for health identified by the Ottawa Charter include -Viewing health as a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities - Identifying that all people should be able to achieve their health potential through the provision of equal opportunities and resources -Recognising that all the sectors within a community are responsible for health promotion For example governments media and local authorities In order to achieve these ideals the Ottawa charter recognised that there are five essential actions to improve health and create greater equality in health 1Developing Personal Skills - requires the maintenance of good health behaviours Nutrition physical activity and drug modification are all examples 2Creating Supportive Environments - taking care of each other our communities and our environment For example identifying health risks in the work environment and altering the work conditions accordingly 3Reorientating Health Services - expanding the focus of health services from cure to promotion of good health and refocusing on the total needs of the individual as a whole person
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