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Word Count: 552
The Roman army was one of the greatest forces of all times The Roman army at its finest point was nearly inconquerable This wasdue to the discipline of the soldiers the hard and effective training ofthe soldiers the speed at wich new tactics were learned and to theFrom early times right down to the 3rd century AD the Roman armywas based on its legions A legion varied in strength fromfour-thousand to six-thousand men and was subdivided onto ten cohortsIts leader used the title of legatus His staff officers were calledtribuni Senior non-commissioned officers were called centurions whovaried greatly in rank The soldiers of the legion were picked men Theywere all Roman citizens and received a higher pay than the auxillarytroops that is foreigners who serve with the Roman armyA legion consisited of heavily armoured infantry foot soldiers The Roman infantry became a feared force well disciplined and welltrained Their weapons were two javelins each and a short thrustingsword Cavalry was supplied by the auxilaries second line troops andwas organised mainly in units of 500 menWhen it was on campaigns the army was accompanied by a number ofspecialists One was the camp commandant who was responsible for theorganisation of the camp The Romans were very careful about their campsNo Roman army halted for a single night without digging a trenches andfortifying its camp Each soldier took his share in establishing the campand striking the camp the next day Another specialist was the quaestorwhose duty was to look after all the money matter then therewere the engineers and all kinds of craftsmen and artisans They wereresponsible for siege operations and for the rather primativeRoman artillery which consisted of big catapults and complicatedmachines a little like crossbows These were mainly used for hurling bigrocks and stones at the walls of a defence place The engineers also hadto build the moveable towers that were used in sieges The Roman soldiers went up inside these towers so that they could
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