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The first form of government was a monarchy known as the Visogothic Kingdom The kingdom first started in 587 AD and lasted until 712 AD One of the rulers of this preriod was King Rodrigo He was defeated at the battle of Guadalete The total number of years for the kingdom was 125 years Muslim Spain was started by the Witiza Family They caused the down fall of the Visogothic Kingdom By the middle of the 8th century the muslims had made a strong hold in Spain They put king Abd al-Rahman in to power He feld the slaughter of 750 AD from Abbasid Muslim Spain had a flurshing culture with libraies and other educational materials The new Leader was Caliph Al-Hakam Then it broke into smaller petty kingdoms known as Taifas They soon broke up and caused even more petty kingdoms Next the Christian Reconquest took place in 718 It lasted 774 years from 718 to 1492 During this period many new kingdoms came about such as the Basques Much of Spain became under control of the reconquest when in 1492 It was completed by Isabel and Fernado by taking Granada In October of that same year Columbus sailed to the West Indies In 1469 Isabel and Fernado get married The Spanish Empire began in 1516 with Isabella I and Ferdinand V that the newly united country began to build an empire Spanish expansion overseas began for a number of reasons The monarchs wanted to secure neighboring areas for defense against Muslim raids originating from North Africa to protect Castiles shipping activities and trade in the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean The crown went to Charles I of Spain Who united the two kingdoms of Aragon and Castile under one ruler In 1556 Charles leaves the throne and leaves it to his two sons Charles dies two years later In 1714 Spain loses the war Philip of Anjou becomes
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