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Westerbork--- Westerbork was the main transit camp used by the Germans during their occupation of Holland to send Jews to the death camps in Poland Between July 1942 and September 1943 approximately 11000 Jewish people passed through the two camps Westerbork was located near Assen in northeastern Holland It was actually set up by the Dutch government before the Nazi invasion as a refugee camp for Jews fleeing persecution in Germany After the Nazi takeover the Germans employed the German Jewish refugees to run their camp in an orderly efficient manner Life in the camp was dominated by hope but above all by fear and every Monday evening a list of the weeks 1020 deportees was announced to the inmates in their sealed barracks The next morning trains carried them to the Auschwitz or Sobibor death camps in Poland and they always left promptly at 11 oclock in the morning Auschwaitz--- Auschwitz was the largest camp established by the Germans It was a complex of camps including a concentration extermination and forced-labor camp It was located in the town of Oswiecim near the prewar German-Polish border in Eastern Upper Silesia an area annexed to Germany in 1939 The first commander of the camp was Rudolph Hoss In 1940 he was sent to Auschwitz concentration camp as commander where he started organizing mass murder technically Hss remained commander of Auschwitz until December 1 1943 then he was followed by Arthur Liebehenschel as camp commander Auschwitz I was the main camp and the first camp established at Oswiecim Auschwitz II Birkenau was the killing center at Auschwitz Trains arrived at Auschwitz-Birkenau almost daily with transports of Jews from virtually every German-occupied country of Europe Auschwitz III also called Buna or Monowitz was established in Monowice to provide forced laborers for nearby factories At least 11 million Jews were killed in Auschwitz Other victims included between 70000 and 75000 Poles and about 15000
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