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Chapter 1 History Theory Research Strategies Chapter Summary Human development is the study of all aspects of constancy change throughout the lifespan Theories lend structure meaning to the scientific study of development This chapter provides an overview of philosophical theoretical approaches to the study of human development from medieval to modern times reviews majore research strategies used to study human behavior development When compared contrasted historical philosophies contemporary theories raise 3 basic questions about what ppl are like how they develop Is development a continuous or discontinuous process Is there one course of development or many Are genetic or enviromental factors more important in determinging development Although some theories take extreme positions on these issues many modern ones include elements from both sides The lifespan perspective recognizes that great complexity exists in human change the factors that underlie it Research methods commonly used to study development include systematic observation self-reports clinical or case studies of single individuals ethnographies of the life circumstances of specific groups of ppl Investigators of human development generally choose either a correlational or an experimental research design To study how their subjects change over time they apply special developmental research strategies--longitudinal cross-sectional longitudinal-sequential designs Each method design has both strengths limitations Conducting research w human subjects also poses special ethical dilemmas Theory research are the cornerstones of the field of human development These components are helping us understand alleviate many pressing problems faced by children adults in todays world Learning Objectives Page Number are in parenthesis Explain the importance of the terms interdisciplinary applied as they define the field of development 5 Explain the role of theories in understanding human development describe 3 basic issues on which major theories take a stand 5-7 Describe factors that sparked the emergence of the lifespan perspective explain the 4 assumptions that make up
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