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The Human Genome Project It all started back in 1953 with two men by the names of James D Watson and Francis Crick when they discovered the double-helical structure of DNA Little did they know they were opening the door to the creation of a perfect world In 1986 the Human Genome Project led up by the National Institution of Health NIH took a giant leap through this door Scientists are taking medical technology to new heights as they attempt to map all of the genes nearly 100000 in the 23 chromosomes of the human body The main purpose of the HGP was originally for the use of preventing inherent diseases such as Alzheimers and Muscular Dystrophy They plan to do this by identifying the DNA sequence of an abnormal gene in which a disease originates and comparing it with the data of a normal or healthy gene However as studies continue to progress increased opportunities arise for genetically altering the unborn The Human Genome Project is a large-scale project being conducted by more than 200 laboratories with even more researchers and labs having joined in Most of the labs and researchers are located in France and the United States The project started in 1990 and was slated to take 15 years and cost 3 billion in US money for the entire project coming to roughly 200 million per year Federal funding for the project is nearly 60 of the annual need This has created some funding problems for the project There also have been technological advances and discoveries that have helped to speed up the project This automation may help to reduce the cost and help the project to meet its objectives ahead of schedule The project was estimated to have detailed maps of all of the chromosomes and know the location of most of the human genes by 1996 Researchers have successfully located the gene
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